Ultra Sound Procedure and Types

Ultra sound is a medical procedure that works by using high-frequency sound waves to examine inner organs in a patient but principally carried out for pregnant women. It scans female pelvic cavity and abdomen to kind a picture of the fetus and placenta. Sonogram and ultrasound are the terms totally different type one another however commonly used interchangeably to discuss with the identical exam. It detects any malfunctioning, abnormality or defects associated with the fetus. These are normally utilized in combination with other tests to verify the diagnosis.

Why Ultra sound

It is highly necessary to get scans every three months during pregnancy. Since it is nearly unattainable to look at the fetus position, condition and different factors inside womb of mother, the scan makes it clearer to look at with a view to discover out any abnormalities. The gynecologist is thus able to treat any complication prior to its extreme damage. So it can safely be said, that extremely sound is a must during every pregnancy but under the supervision of an expert.

What’s the procedure?

Ultrasound is performed by making use of gel on abdomen. This works as a conductor for sound waves, allowing them to permeate inside. The professional then uses a tool to produce sound waves into the uterus of the woman. These waves bounce off tissues and bones returning back to that device while producing black and white images of the fetus creating inside.

The types

Seven totally different ultra sound tests are taken. The basic process remains the same in all types. A short description of each is given under:

Standard Ultrasound

It makes use of a tool over the stomach area to create two-dimensional (2-D) images of the fetus creating inside.

Advanced Ultra Sound

This test is just like the standard one but it is carried out through the use of more equipment to focus on a problem that is suspected by skilled doctor.

three-D Ultrasound

As the name suggests, it give three-dimensional images of the fetus in the womb. For that purpose, specially designed probes and software is taken assist from to complete the process.

Dynamic three D Ultra sound

Additionally known as 4-D, it is more advanced and clearer than 2 or 3 D images. There are specially designed scanning machines for that. It is taken in the final stage of pregnancy to watch the face and movement of the baby earlier than delivery.

Trans vaginal Scans

To generate images, probe transducers are utilized inside vagina. Usually it is taken in the being pregnant that’s at earlier stage.

Echocardiography (Heart Ultrasound)

Fetal echocardiography makes use of ultrasound waves to judge anatomy and functioning of baby heart. It additionally helps assess any suspected congenital cardiac defects in the fetus, thus held really important within the medical procedures associated to female reproduction. Once a defect has been recognized, related treatment is given with along with way of life modification and crucial preventions from certain drugs, meals and activities.

Doppler Ultrasound

This procedure truly measures adjustments within the frequency of ultrasound waves once they bounce off moving objects. This imaging examines blood cells.

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